Are you looking forward to a garden where you can admire rhododendrons in the spring, honeysuckle in the summer, and pumpkins in the fall? To enjoy a garden, pollinators are required in addition to soil, seed, and sunlight! Pollinators are necessary for 75% of the world’s flowering plants to reproduce.
Indeed, pollinators are crucial to the transformational stages of plants that result in beautiful flowers and delicious vegetables. We created a list of our favorite flowers that attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds due to their vital role in the ecosystem.
What Is Pollination & Why Do We Need It?
So many plants require pollination in order to produce seeds, flowers, fruits, and vegetables. These plants produce nectar that pollinators such as butterflies, bees, and birds seek out. While pollinators are collecting nectar from flowers, they are also transporting pollen from one plant to the next.
Male and female parts of flowers are referred to as anthers and stigma, respectively. Pollen grains are transferred from anthers to stigma during pollination. When pollen reaches the stigma, it forms a tube that extends from the style to the ovary. Fertilization occurs, and seeds develop as a result.
While butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds are among nature’s primary pollinators, moths, certain types of insects, the wind, and even bats can contribute to the process as well. And, because pollinators are so vital to a garden, it’s a good idea to incorporate pollinator-friendly plants into your yard.
Planting a Pollinator-Friendly Garden
Here is some general information about planting flowers that attract butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds.
- To begin, it is preferable to plant in clumps rather than having one type grouped together. It makes the pollinators’ journey from plant to plant more difficult. A plant with a variety of colors and scents that will attract a variety of pollinators.
- Second, keep in mind that pollinators require a habitat in which to live and reproduce. Allow them space and water to do so.
- Thirdly, plan your garden according to the seasons. If pollinators are unable to find nectar during certain seasons, they will forage elsewhere. You do not wish for them to depart! Bear in mind that fall vegetables like squash and tomatoes contain flowers.
- Fourth, consider using native plants because they will attract pollinators that are also native to your area. Additionally, they can act as hosts for the larvae of your preferred pollinators.
Suggested Read: For a Cleaner and Greener Tunisia, Compost!
Top 15 Pollinator Attracting Plants
All of the following pollinator-friendly plants thrive in Mediterranean climate, thus your Tunisian garden is very suitable for them.
Plants that Attract Butterflies
Butterflies are particularly fond of red and purple flowers. They also enjoy fresh scents, but not intense ones; faint is preferable. Among the plants that attract butterflies are the following:
Plants that Attract Bees
Bees prefer bright white, yellow, or blue plants, as well as those with contrasting colors. They prefer scents that are mild and pleasant.
Among the specific bee-friendly plants are the following:
Plants that Attract Hummingbirds
Hummingbirds prefer nectar from trumpet-shaped flowers. They are drawn to the colors orange, red, pink, and white.
Hummingbirds are attracted to a variety of flowers, including the following pollinator attracting plants:
The Angel’s Trumpet
Suggested Read: Jasmine: Tunisia’s National Flower
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